Stick around until the end for the side-by-side!
There’s been a bit of drama today on Twitter over Shane Dawson’s new teaser trailer and it’s use of a segment of video by Raquel Roper in which her face appears to have been swapped with Selena Gomez (ie a deepfake).
There seems to be confusion about how copyright law works, specifically as it pertains to fair use and whether or not Shane Dawson’s use of Raquel Roper’s work is theft or covered by fair use laws.
Hopefully this video can clear some things up and start a civil dialogue about how creators can do better in the future.
Fair Use –
Fair use is a doctrine in the law of the United States that permits limited use of copyrighted material without having to first acquire permission from the copyright holder. Fair use is one of the limitations to copyright intended to balance the interests of copyright holders with the public interest in the wider distribution and use of creative works by allowing as a defense to copyright infringement claims certain limited uses that might otherwise be considered infringement. (Wikipedia)
Deepfake – a portmanteau of “deep learning” and “fake”, is an artificial intelligence-based human image synthesis technique. It is used to combine and superimpose existing images and videos onto source images or videos using a machine learning technique called a “generative adversarial network” (GAN). The combination of the existing and source videos results in a fake video that shows a person or persons performing an action at an event that never occurred in reality. (Wikipedia)
#shaneDawson #RaquelRoper #deepfakes